Lifestyle

Patchwork’ tumors prevalent across multiple cancer types

Researchers at the Francis Crick Institute, as part of an international collaboration of scientists through the Pan-Cancer Analysis of Whole Genomes Consortium, have analyzed the whole genomes of tumor samples from over 2,600 patients with different types of cancer. They identified a high prevalence of genetic diversity within individual tumors, which they further characterized. Their […]

Lifestyle

The structure and function of cortical brain cells modulated by attention

To effectively perform any daily task, the human brain needs to process information from the outside world using various cognitive functions. This cognitive processing passes through a dense interconnected network of cells whose physiology is specialized. The interconnected cell network needs to perform this processing of information efficiently and interact cooperatively to provide us, in […]

Lifestyle

Do you ‘wolf down’ your food? Speedy eaters may pack on more pounds

Are you the type to linger over a meal, or do you tend to eat quickly without giving it much thought? New research confirms that you’re better off going the slow route, because fast eaters tend to consume more and be more vulnerable to gaining weight and becoming obese. And it uncovers a new wrinkle: […]

Lifestyle

New test to study language development in youth with Down syndrome

Expressive language sampling (ELS) is a useful tool for measuring communication development in youth with Down syndrome, a new multi-site study has found. The study, co-led by Angela Thurman and Leonard Abbeduto from the UC Davis MIND Institute and the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, focused on language as an outcome measure to detect […]

Lifestyle

New maps link thousands of genetic variants to disease genes

Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified thousands of genetic variants that are associated with a wide range of diseases. But these studies often fall short of establishing what a genetic variant does to bring about a particular trait or disease. “The challenge has been that many of these variants are difficult to interpret,” said Jesse […]

Lifestyle

Study shows why crossing obstacles is difficult for patients with Parkinson’s disease

A multidisciplinary research group affiliated with the Department of Physical Education’s Human Movement Laboratory (Movi-Lab) at São Paulo State University (UNESP) in Bauru, Brazil, measured step length synergy while crossing obstacles in patients with Parkinson’s disease and concluded that it was 53% lower than in healthy subjects of the same age and weight. Step length […]

Lifestyle

Unraveling the mysteries of sleep disorders in multiple system atrophy

Multiple system atrophy, or MSA, is a rare neurological disorder that causes failures in the proper functioning of the body’s autonomic system (processes that are not under conscious control, such as blood pressure, breathing and involuntary movement). The resulting symptoms can look like two other types of neurodegenerative disease: Parkinson’s disease and cerebellar ataxia. In […]